Johanna presenting in the Hague
On Tuesday, March 27 Johanna gave a short presentation at the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) in The Hague. Her lecture was part of an internal NWO workshop on valorization of research. About 30 NWO staff attended the workshop. Johanna was invited to share the experiences and best practices of the DISGI project. These activities can be seen as examples of social valorization. These social valorization activities DISGI engages with are manifold and address different audiences. They range from giving inspirational lectures for students and public enrolled in Studium Generale activities to organizing knowledge exchange events with businesses.
Contact us if you would like to know more about our activities or if you want to organize an event with us.
Our team member Dr Ankit Kumar recently published a new open access article on the role placed by local socio-cultural processes in access to energy in the global South. This study also illustrates a need to engage in more in depth ethnographic work to grasp the nuances of energy access and impacts of energy access interventions.
Justice and politics in energy access for education, livelihoods and health: How socio-cultural processes mediate the winners and losers
Energy Research and Social Science, Volume 40, June 2018, Pages 3–13
The rhetoric on development benefits of energy access often focuses on education, livelihoods and health. Using case studies of two energy access projects in India, this paper demonstrates that these claims, while true in part, are neither simple nor straightforward. It argues that pre-existing socio-cultural processes
mediate the development outcomes of energy access projects. In particular, the roles of gender, socio-economic positions and the local economy are vital in understanding the links between education, livelihoods, health and energy.
This paper is important for two reasons. First, working with culture
as a mediator, it provides nuanced insights into relationships between energy access and three key development goals. Second, by presenting this analysis, the paper identifies a need for further research on the relationships between socio-cultural processes, development and energy access and, how by keeping these processes in mind, the benefits of energy access could be extended to less privileged social groups. This paper is based on a nine-month long ethnographic research in five villages in India’s Bihar state. Home tours, interviews, participant observations and group discussions were used to collect the data.
Please read this in conjunction with his previous article on Cultures of Lights.
Link to open access article:
Justice and Politics: With access to modern lighting the boy of the household gets to study while the girl has to cook on a hazardous and polluting wood fired earthen hearth
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On Thursday, 20 October out team member Johanna Höffken will give a lecture on ‘Small is beautiful’ where she will also talk about our project? The lecture is organised in the context of TU/e becoming a Fair Trade University soon.
Here are the coordinates:
Thursday 20 October
12.45-13.20 hrs lecture (12.30 hrs welcome to get lunch)
More information here: https://www.tue.nl/en/university/about-the-university/sustainability/sustainability-at-the-tue/go-green-office/fairtrade-university/
Our team member Johanna Höffken has just published an article titled ‘Demystification and localization in the adoption of micro-hydro technology: Insights from India’ in Energy Research and Social Sciences journal.
Here’s the abstract:
The phrase ‘small is beautiful’ holds true for the micro-hydro plants discussed in this article. Micro-hydro plants can convert the energy of falling water into electricity. In India, access to electricity cannot be taken for granted, especially in rural areas, which do not yet have grid extension or where it is too costly or infeasible. In these cases, micro-hydro plants are a welcome solution. Here I discuss the efforts of two non-governmental organizations, a private company, and a government agency, to facilitate micro-hydro projects in India, thereby increasing the socio-economic empowerment of rural inhabitants without electricity access. Based on extensive ethnographic data and constructivist conceptualizations of scale and consequences I find that these projects can indeed be described as “beautiful” technology interventions. In line with the common discourse on “small is beautiful,” the projects emphasize community engagement, control, and locality. Yet, importantly, they are “beautiful” in diverse ways. The actors set different priorities when implementing their small-scale technology interventions. Highlighting these priorities is important because they can empower people to acquire different roles, ranging from engaged consumers to prosumers. Instead of solely concentrating on the (small) scale of a technology I plead to consider the significance of implementing these interventions.
You can find the full article here: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214629616302092
The first output from our project was published yesterday. Dr. Auke Pols published a paper titled:
‘May Stakeholders be Involved in Design Without Informed Consent? The Case of Hidden Design’
The paper is open access. You can find it here http://rdcu.be/jVvs
Stakeholder involvement in design is desirable from both a practical and an ethical point of view. It is difficult to do well, however, and some problems recur again and again, both of a practical nature, e.g. stakeholders acting strategically rather than openly, and of an ethical nature, e.g. power imbalances unduly affecting the outcome of the process. Hidden Design has been proposed as a method to deal with the practical problems of stakeholder involvement. It aims to do so by taking the observation of stakeholder actions, rather than the outcomes of a deliberative process, as its input. Furthermore, it hides from stakeholders the fact that a design process is taking place so that they will not behave differently than they otherwise would. Both aspects of Hidden Design have raised ethical worries. In this paper I make an ethical analysis of what it means for a design process to leave participants uninformed or deceived rather than acquiring their informed consent beforehand, and to use observation of actions rather than deliberation as input for design, using Hidden Design as a case study. This analysis is based on two sets of normative guidelines: the ethical guidelines for psychological research involving deception or uninformed participants from two professional psychological organisations, and Habermasian norms for a fair and just (deliberative) process. It supports the conclusion that stakeholder involvement in design organised in this way can be ethically acceptable, though under a number of conditions and constraints.
On 22 April 2016, World Earth Day, environmental philosopher Dr Auke Pols gave a public lecture on ‘Prosperity without Growth’ in Baambrugge for the Cursusproject Abcoude – Baambrugge. The lecture dealt with the topic of economic growth policy and its relation to sustainable development and was inspired by Tim Jackson’s report on Prosperity without Growth. First, Auke examined the relation between economic growth and well-being. The basic (ethical) idea behind this is that the more we buy and consume, the more we (apparently) satisfy our preferences. Assuming that satisfying our preferences makes us happy, the more the economy grows, the happier we become. Yet this assumption can be criticised in a number of ways. For example, for many people ‘leading a good life’ entails much more than simple preference satisfaction and often entails consuming less (e.g. dieting or giving up smoking). Also, sociological research has shown that, once people are rich enough to satisfy their basic needs, happiness is influenced much more by other factors (e.g. social security, health) than by simple GDP growth. In addition, our current policy focus on growth has led to ecological problems (e.g. climate change, biodiversity loss), social problems (e.g. rising inequality) and economical problems (e.g. our current economy is designed so that it will either grow or fall into recession, but cannot stabilise.)
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Our project lead Dr Johanna Hoeffken was recently interviewed by the Dutch Embassy in India.
Dr Johanna Hoeffken
She argued that the Smart Grids in India project (DISGI) has taken some key innovative steps towards understading, developing and implementing smart grids in India. These include:
- Forming an interdisciplinary collaboration of scientists, businesses and societal stakeholders, both in India and the Netherlands
- Bringing together two Dutch companies, PRE and Rural Spark, and two research institutions, TU/e and TERI University, with a total of 3 post docs, an engineer, a social scientist and an ethicist
- Conducting a long-term and close study of smart grids
- Giving equal importance to the technology, social embedding, ethical acceptability and institutional support
Read the full interview on the Dutch embassy website.